For adventurers interested in exploring rich and varied environments, colorful cultures and viewing the most exotic animals on earth, African safari holidays offer the greatest opportunity. Nowhere else on earth displays as much variation in the flora, fauna and geology, and Africa itself offers a multitude of diverse areas to visit. Each of the five regions listed below reveals its own unique beauty and unforgettable experiences, including some of the “Seven Natural Wonders of Africa.”
The highest mountain peak in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro, presides over this popular tourist destination. Tanzania is well known for picturesque landscapes that include the grasslands of the Serengeti and Ngorongoro. For visitors who wish to see some of the unique animals Africa has to offer, such as gazelles, zebras, buffalo and lions, this region offers more opportunity. If you schedule your journey correctly, you may get to experience the Great Migration of gazelles and wildebeests, in which millions of animals move across the plains in the largest display anywhere on Earth.
Many people equate African safari vacations with Kenya and its well-known Maasai Mara National Reserve, which was created in 1961 to protect the diverse wildlife that roamed the region. The Maasai people still live on the land and now work with the patient is and tourist groups to protect the area and share their culture with visitors. For those who wish to see the “Big Five” animals of Africa, Kenya is an excellent choice. These include the lion, leopard, black rhinoceros, African Buffalo and African elephants. Other animals, such as Zebra, giraffe and cheetahs, can also be spotted regularly.
Instead of visiting the savannas of Africa, travelers can explore life along the rich waterways of Zambia. The River Luangwa provides many opportunities for witnessing the great diversity of creatures that live in or near the river, such as crocodiles and hippopotamuses, and many African favorites that come down to the river to drink, such as African elephants and giraffes. Birdwatchers will also be thrilled to see the great flocks of various types of birds that live along its banks.
While South Africa attracts many with its cultural diversity and history, the natural beauty of Kruger National Park and other wild areas also delight visitors. This park provides the proper grass and scrubland ecosystems for many of the large cat species to hunt, which gives visitors the unique opportunity to see cheetahs, leopards, lions, caracals and more. Kruger is among the largest protected parks in Africa.
The Moremi National Park in Botswana is situated near Maun Town and is a favorite destination for birdwatchers. It contains the exceptionally picturesque Okavango Delta where the massive river frequently overflows its banks and spreads to create swampland, which is visited by more species of birds than anywhere else on the continent. While many of the bird species live in this area year round, visitors would be wise to schedule their vacation during the migratory season when even more varieties are on display. Some include the African fish eagle, the crested crane, the southern ground hornbill, Pel’s fishing owl and the sacred ibis.